Links (separately)

*John Cage’s 1952 piece 4’33” performed by Armin Fuchs

*Pauline Oliveros’ Deep Listening Institute Mission Statement


Two Types of Grain
1. (Grain as Vocal Texture & Gesture)
*Roland Barthes, “The Grain of the Voice” [PDF]
*Brief gloss on Barthes’ essay here The Voice is a Language (site)
*Bay Area poet Sara Wintz performs a poem that foregrounds small vocalizations. [Sara Wintz PennSound Page and a 2007 interview w/ Kareem Estefan that the earlier clip was segmented from]
*Vocal performance by Demetrio Stratos

2. (Grain as Element of Microsound)
*Explanation of Granular Synthesis
*Iannis Xenakis, Analogique A & B (1958-1959)


The 3 Listening Modes & Repeated Listening
*Michel Chion “from Audio-Vision
*Michael Davidson By ear, he sd’: Audio-Tapes and Contemporary Criticism

Davidson writes: “By listening over and over again to a reading, the listener begins to hear what the page can never render: the emphasis and character of the line, the pausing and halting of a voice among caesurae, the pattern of vowel music, the tone of delivery—and of course those points where the ear has failed and the line has gone flat. The ear hears the general trajectory of words, the large movements of syntactic play, the rhythms, which remain as much the meaning of the poem as does its semantic content.” (par. 26)


Paratextual Comments as Poetic Speech
(slight shifts from transparent speech into a more material approach to language)
*Eleni Sikelianos, comments [“You might take a cue, she’s laying down to listen.”]
*Eileen Myles, brief excerpt from comments [“so I started writing the skies but I never wrote the stories”] on her book Skies; longer excerpt
*Mei-Mei Bersennbrugge, comments about the poem “Health”; the entire poem


The Segment & Poetic Segmentivity
Excerpt from Rachel Blau DuPlessis’s essay “Manifests” introducing her idea of Segmentivity as underlying element of poetry as a genre. [Citation info]

*Harmony Holiday’s Afrosonics Tumblr
*Harmony Holiday interviewed on a Poetry Foundation podcast
Selections from Afrosonics:
-looped paratextual comments by Sonia Sanchez, framed by Harmony Holiday
Segment on the murder of Trayvon Martin (via AfroSonics)

Listening Experiments
1) Different Performances of the same text:
*Bhanu Kapil reads an excerpt from Incubation: A Space for Monsters at 2 different readings
*Amiri Baraka reads the same selection from “Black Dada Nihilismus” in 2 different recordings. This recording is without music. This recording is a kind of remix of the same poem from a different recording by DJ Spooky.
2) Pairing ambient and highly absorptive recordings
*Clark Coolidge, Polaroid
*HR Hegnauer’s Sir (chapbook).
3) Hearing Spaces: Ambience and Audience.
*Joseph Ceravolo, home recording of “Rain”
*Joseph Ceravolo, live recording at The Poetry Project of “intro comments” “Lightning”
*Joseph Ceravolo’s “tape experiment” with multiple voices.
*Bernadette Mayer class on Memory at Naropa

The Sounds of History, Community & Lineage
*Kamau Brathwaite, My Archives, Your Archives, Our Archives (via Afrosonics)
*Anne Waldman, excerpt from Gossamurmur

“What was in the archive?

It held a slice of belletristic time, radical and political. It held multiple discourses on the limits of the body, on unlimited and de-limited consciousness. It held Sprechstimme and performance, and high talk and sacre conversatione. It held a new poetry and beyond” (Waldman, Gossamurmur)

Some selections from the Naropa Audio Archives
(Naropa Faculty & Guest Faculty reading the works of other writers)
*Allen Ginsberg comments on Philip Lamantia; reading Lamantia’s “Voice of Earth Mediums”; text of poem
*Anne Waldman comments on Gertrude Stein; reading Stein’s “Susie Asado”; text of poem
*Lorenzo Thomas comments on James Weldon Johnson; reading Johnson’s “The Creation” from God’s Trombones (full text)

[Note: The Ginsberg and Waldman recordings are from this 1988 colloquium and Lorenzo Thomas’s recording is from his 1989 lecture “The Poetics of the Blues”.]

How to Live. What to do.
*Wallace Stevens reads the poem How to Live. What to do. via PennSound.
(This recording is very quiet. I recommend listening to this using headphones.)

Additional Resources:
Poetry & Poetics Audio Archives:
Naropa University Poetics Audio Archives
San Francisco State University Poetry Center Archives
Kootenay School of Writing
University of Arizona Poetry Center archives
Harvard Woodberry Poetry Room
Poetry Project audio archive
From the Fishouse: an audio archive of emerging poets
Academy of American Poets
A Voice Box: Bay Area Recordings of the Recent Past (Andrew Kenower)

Annotations/Commentaries on Poetry Audio Recordings & Listening:
Harmony Holiday’s Beautiful Voices Project
Steve Evans: The Phonotextual Braid (Jacket2)
Steve Evans “On Coteries, Infrastructure, and Gossip” talk at Naropa SWP in 2010
Steve Evans: The Lipstick of Noise
Al Filreis & Steve Evans discuss audio pedagogy
Eric Baus: Notes on PennSound (Jacket2)
Eric Baus, “Teaching with online audio archives” talk at 2010 AWP conference
Christine Hume Essay, Carla Harryman’s Baby: Listening In, Around, Through, and Out

Digital Editing Tools
Audacity (free software that allows you to segment MP3’s)

You can find contact information for me here